Mac Terminal Download File From Server

New features and enhancements include: Files can be optionally encrypted when storing them on SFTP server. If not, go back and download the Admin Tools and install them. Double-click the. Moreover, it’s available for free and works like a native feature on the Mac. We're getting ahead of ourselves, however. Wget is a small program that can download files and folders to your computer through Terminal. Aliases were introduced in Mac OS System 7 and were then carried forward to Mac OS X. Runs on Java 1. So, how are you supposed to completely remove Safari from your Mac? By uninstalling it, of course! So, How to Uninstall Safari on Mac? The answer very much depends on the system you’re. Step 1: Launch Terminal. Download and Install macOS High Sierra without MAS. If you do not have a TFTP server configured please see the Setting up a TFTP Server. Your private key. 4 Tiger was unleashed. Terminal (in your /Applications/Utilities folder) is the default gateway to that command line on a Mac. This is found under 'Utilities' on your Mac. Information on installing and running MySQL databases on macOS / Mac OS X including how to download, install, setup, and access MySQL. It’s the. 5) After your order has been issued, save the file your_domain_com. Examples of files: a document (report, essay etc. TSPrint comes with a server and client download. Linux Command Line Cheat Sheet from DaveChild. mv [file] [directory] For example, to move info. File Server. So I was wondering if I could use wget to connect via ftp protocol to the server to download the directory in question. To browse files over the network, open the Files application from the Activities overview, and click Other Locations in the sidebar. Enter to Search. myPortal for Desktop is a Java based client for accessing the unified communication functions of OpenScape Business or OpenScape Office from a Desktop PC. When you configure a proxy server on your Mac, applications will send their network traffic through the proxy server before going to their destination. We all know how to rename a file GUI way, but for many renaming a file using Terminal commands in Ubuntu is quite confusing for others. Does such a command exist on Mac OS X? open files in TextEdit from the. As a former Linux/UNIX administrator used to configuring complicated text files via a terminal command line interface, that little cash for that much time-savings feels like a steal. x as a file-server. Manual Installation# Change to a directory on your PATH and run the installer following the Download page instructions to download composer. Download the free trial version, and preview the recovered files now prior activating the complete software. It doesn’t move it the files to the trash. Copying files across computers using SSH and MAC OS X Terminal [closed] How to download a file from server using SSH? 4. (Lots of installers installing other installers!) Homebrew will display messages and progress bars on the Terminal to let you know what it's doing. TSPrint comes with a server and client download. The steps in the previous section are easy enough, but if you want to avoid copying the hosts file you can edit it directly in Terminal using the UNIX Nano Text Editor, which is built into macOS. Following the download of macOS Sierra (10. In the file names ## stands for the version number. We will add a file to the. If you are in search of the best SSH File Transfer Client or best P uTTY SSH then this is the right platform for you. This wikiHow teaches you how to use command lines in Windows Command Prompt in order to start and run an executable (exe) file on your computer. Files and processes. Replace with the name of your machine. This tool will not late you down and will do everything as it’s described in feature list which you will get after downloading file (We do not list all features here because of copyrights. x11vnc: a VNC server for real X displays (to FAQ) (to Downloads) (to Building) (to Beta Test) (to Donations). But when I tried this command the file gets emptied, I mean the file size is going 0 and I don't know why it happens. Fun fact: There’s a version of Microsoft Office written just for Mac. TortoiseGit provides overlay icons showing the file status, a powerful context menu for Git and much more! Learn more about TortoiseGit. Creating an ISO file from the terminal is as. Then type in "java -jar minecraft_server. Best of all, no additional software is required to encrypt files on your Mac, it's all built-in to the operating system that we know and love. The following screenshot shows a file I want to copy to my usb device. You'll have to have the correct permissions of course. - Geeks Worldwide. msi) from the GitHub releases page. pane shows the file system of the EECS undergraduate server. Download Visual Studio Code to experience a redefined code editor, optimized for building and debugging modern web and cloud applications. com offers free software downloads for Windows, Mac, iOS and Android computers and mobile devices. Information about products not manufactured by Apple, or independent websites not controlled or tested by Apple, is provided without recommendation or endorsement. 3 Universal Binary (63. This page gives the complete guidelines on how to recover deleted files from external hard drive with free Yodot Data Recovery Software. 1 wtih JDK 9 Update 73") and follow the installation instructions. But let’s look at some top 10 and Best Linux Terminal Emulator in this article. In this article, we will be sharing you a step-by-step guide on how to install ADB Driver and Fastboot on Windows PC, MAC, and Linux. Download and Install RemotePC on your PC, Mac, iOS and Android devices. Download the latest LTS version of Ubuntu, for desktop PCs and laptops. The AWS CLI introduces a new set of simple file commands for efficient file transfers to and from Amazon S3. Type tar -zxvf yourfile. get absolutePathToSouce absolutePathLocal you also can transfer file to the server by. Number 1 Leading Mac security and antivirus software since 1997. If you want to work with just one of the files or folders of the site, locate the file or folder in the Remote view of the Files panel, and click Get File(s) from Remote Server in the toolbar to download that file to your local disk. conf directory visible in the Mac Finder. Second, turn on the Mac's web interface for its CUPS server. Directory Services. Here you can find links to download various free SSH implementations. I have a file with the name "Little_snowflake. FTP is a service known to almost anyone who works with Internet on daily basis. Download Station allows you to download files from the Internet through BT, FTP, HTTP, eMule and NZB to Synology NAS. Files stored on the engineering servers are backed up nightly, so we encourage keeping work on the servers to prevent data loss. But let’s look at some top 10 and Best Linux Terminal Emulator in this article. Bash is the GNU Project's shell. 494 MB) Released 2019-09-02 Usually there's a nifty page here with a big download button. Building Emacs for OS X, using the normal GUI. 5 (Official) Server with an HTTPS Enterprise Edition for Secure, Simple Web-Based File Transfer VShell 4. Yodot Mac File Recovery is the known application that is available today to help users to restore their essential files that got deleted from Mac Terminal unintentionally. The purpose of the program is to let you access character based hosts using Secure Shell (SSH) , telnet (rfc854) , RS232/serial and many other means of communication. VLS (VideoLAN Server), which can stream MPEG-1, MPEG-2 and MPEG-4 files, DVDs, digital satellite channels, digital terrestial television channels and live videos on the network in unicast or multicast. Apple made it easy so all you need to know …. Double-click the. Click on “Download Area” under “Quick Overview”. Additionally, you use a test file for testing the FTP and web server. You can enter the open command here to open any application, or to open a file with the application of your. macOS Server is available for $19. Connect the Ethernet cable to the board's PHY; Copy the kernel Image (uImage) to the /tftpboot directory of your Linux host workstation. The Terminal application allows you to use octal notation to set permissions for the owner, a group, and everyone else. In terminal, while having connection opened on remote machine: press CMD + K to clear the window clear; uuencode filename < file Then select and copy all text from the terminal window (CMD + A, CMD + C). Most users of Apache on unix-like systems will be better off downloading and compiling a source version. There are similar limits on access to other Mac OS X folders. Manage your server directly from Pocket PC 2002 devices. The Mac Terminal is a command line interface (CLI) for Mac OS X available in all OS X versions through Lion. Linux Command Line Cheat Sheet from DaveChild. 2 is a free upgrade for existing users of version 8, but please read this important information about upgrading from TextPad 7. But let’s look at some top 10 and Best Linux Terminal Emulator in this article. Determine on which Linux distribution your system is based on. So, for all the beginners out there, here is my pick of the top 10 Terminal commands that every Mac user should know. It leverages a declarative configuration file which describes all your software requirements, packages, operating system configuration, users, and more. Prepare to work in the SSH Terminal. There are plenty of other FTP server apps available on the Android Market, and if you have been using custom ROM, you’d know that MIUI along with it’s native file explorer, also supports its very own FTP server that is good to go under a few mere seconds. dmg, mounts it and copies the. The Secure Shell (SSH) protocol is often used for remote terminal connections, allowing you to access a text-mode terminal on a remote computer as if you were sitting of it. Our SSH client supports all desktop and server versions of Windows, 32-bit and 64-bit, from Windows XP SP3 and Windows Server 2003, up to the most recent – Windows 10 and Windows Server 2019. Of course it's probably easier just to use the GUI of Safari, but using Terminal gives you additional stats like file. conf location on Mac OS X 10. A firewall is a security measure to block all unwanted connections. To download multiple files from FTP server, we use mget command. The files could be uploaded to your hosting server in several ways. com or GitHub Enterprise. It works on Macs with macOS 10. PostgreSQL is the default database on macOS Server as of OS X Server version 10. For more information, refer to Unattended command line installation (Installing the Windows-Mac Project Converter). Dark theme. I ran with the engineer form as I felt the smashing issues was identified with people in general form. Coloring files in file panels based on a file mask. Cyberduck is a libre server and cloud storage browser for Mac and Windows with support for FTP, SFTP, WebDAV, Amazon S3, OpenStack Swift, Backblaze B2, Microsoft Azure & OneDrive, Google Drive and Dropbox. If you can't edit a file in any application, including the Terminal, then it may have a lock flag associated with it. Tuesday, April 17, 2012. Otherwise, you'll need to use scp from the machine without the server so that it can perform a connection. htaccess file on your machine — whether Mac or Windows — is to just download a copy from a reliable source. sql and mydump_local. It can use metalinks files to simultaneously download ISO files from more than one server. 207 and are then presented with a login screen which they enter their AD credentials, and see their files. /- to print to a file literally named -. This runs on macOS 10. Could someone provide me with a way to get /dir/file from a remote server and have it download to /tmp/file_plus-my-description? I was hoping to be able to run an sftp or scp command similar to a regularUNIX copy like: scp [email protected] /dir/file /tmp/file_plus-my-description I'm using the built in Terminal in Mac OS X 10. It speeds up the delivery of data from the App Store, Mac App Store, iTunes Store, iTunes U, and iBooks Store. 04) I don't have a web access to the server, just ssh. - Geeks Worldwide. 1 for Mac OS X. Compare the best free open source Terminal Emulators/X Terminals Software at SourceForge. This informs all users that the machine is going to be shutdown and tells all apps to close files etc. Parameter vlc_files During boot terminal may download one or several files from VLC directory on TFTP or HTTP server and save them to /vlc_files directory on disk or to terminal RAM. Now open new terminal window, on your local system and do: uudecode Now press CMD + V now to paste uuencoded content of your file. Visual Studio Code is free and available on your favorite platform - Linux, macOS, and Windows. pane shows the file system of the EECS undergraduate server. The File Download dialog box appears prompting you to run or save the download file To run the installer, click Run. msu file directly in the Download Center. For example, if you're using Cyberduck, select SFTP from the dropdown and fill in the server details: Next, click on "Connect". If your attempting to do this to restore your OS X back to 10. To save the file for later installation, click Save. ) Add a Remote Desktop connection or a remote resource. Examples of files: a document (report, essay etc. The Apache HTTP Server can be downloaded from the Apache HTTP Server download site, which lists several mirrors. Title: (Sun) PC. " That is not possible unless the man-in-the-middle has a valid certificate for the target server (or the client is silly does not check the server certificate). A problem that often bites people working with different platforms, such as a PC running Windows and a web server running Linux, is the different character codes used to terminate lines in text files. You can also manage, access and support remote computers using RemotePC. Wget, is a part of GNU Project, the name is derived from World Wide Web (WWW). Use your "File Explorer", navigate to "C:\Program Files\Java" to inspect the sub-directories. For example, you can use the following command:. Terminal can also act like telnet server and listen on selected TCP port. Spotlight – Apple's system-wide search engine – was introduced way back in 2005 when OS X 10. iTerm2 brings the terminal into the modern age with features you never knew you always wanted. It allows you to quickly download and install and run a powerful database system on almost any platform available including Linux, Windows, and Mac OS X etc. Many users use default terminal emulator in Linux. If you are already running RouterOS, upgrading to the latest version can be done by clicking on "Check For Updates" in QuickSet or System > Packages menu in WebFig or WinBox. will download the file to /home/omio/Desktop and give it your I use axel and wget for downloading from terminal, axel is download accelerator. Before running the APPSEC utility you must download the appropriate installation files from the Microsoft Web site and install APPSEC on your Terminal Server. app and running the following command:. Install Samba. For example, if you're using Cyberduck, select SFTP from the dropdown and fill in the server details: Next, click on "Connect". A very basic thing to do, but still not commonly known, is how to delete a single file permanently from your Mac. Z files are compressed tar files of the install tree. Review and agree to the terms of the license agreement before downloading the file. For example, Amazon S3 dramatically changed the way files are served on the internet, and Transmit is a great way to manage your Amazon S3 buckets. If a log file is not specified, events will be logged to the terminal: The server will only start if the port is free. So you can use Word, Excel, and PowerPoint on a Mac just like on a PC. If you do not have a TFTP server configured please see the Setting up a TFTP Server. exe file by double clicking it. I believe this would be useful to those who are new to Mac OS X, but are interested in exploring the system at a low(er) level. The terminal, if you weren’t aware, is an application built into Mac OSX that allows you to access the raw UNIX interface behind OSX. Moving a file to Trash means it's still there and can be restored any time, not to mention eating up precious space. Following the download of macOS Sierra (10. CD images for Ubuntu 14. If you're setting up a new web server or another device that's going to be connected to the internet and you want to put it through its paces before it's live, or if you're having trouble with spyware and adware networks, there's an invisible file on your Mac that can help. 1 for Mac OS X. To “ssh into your router”, you enter the command ssh [email protected] The following files are available for download from the Microsoft Download Center: Download the Terminal Services Client 6. If you want to have an even easier option or don’t wish to deal with the Terminal commands too often, there is an app called HiddenMe that can let you quickly remove all the files from the desktop. The installation of Java (also known as the Java Runtime Environment or JRE) is a simple process on Windows, Mac, Linux or Solaris. I have a folder on a Linux server and I have to transfer that file from there to my Mac desktop. Follow these steps: Choose Go→Connect to Server from. There are a few benefits SSH may offer in terms of downloading files: The connection is encrypted all the way through, so you may not worry about the fact that files may get compromised during the transfer. And then either cd to the path or execute a get command to download the file. There are a few benefits SSH may offer in terms of downloading files: The connection is encrypted all the way through, so you may not worry about the fact that files may get compromised during the transfer. Accessing files on Windows computers relies on the Samba component (a part of the UNIX foundation of Mac OS X). To get started, launch Terminal, type the following command, and press Return. There are a few reasons why you might want to download and install old versions of Mac OS X or macOS. For example, Mac OS X has its native Quartz system. The Integrative Genomics Viewer (IGV) from the Broad Center allows you to view several types of data files involved in any NGS analysis that employs a reference genome, including how reads from a dataset are mapped, gene annotations, and predicted genetic variants. TSPrint comes with a server and client download. Now you should be able to access wget from your Windows command line. 6 Snow Leopard and earlier versions for firmware updates: Log in as root user on your Mac; Copy the firmware file to folder/private/tftpboot. 6 Final is now available for download and installation. These applications are fast and best suited to manipulating the plain text files of configuration files. Click Next. Superseded by macOS plus add-on server package: Source model: Closed-source (with open-source components) Initial release: March 16, 1999; 20 years ago (). In addition, you will find documentation on how to compile FileZilla and nightly builds for multiple platforms in the development section. Replace with the name of your machine. The tf add command is used to add files to the list of pending changes to be checked-in and the tf checkin command performs the actual check-in to the server. One common OS X El Capitan problem is Mac boot issue, Mac El Capitan won’t boot, or El Capitan is slow to boot. I have never done it. Run the inkscape. I thought I was familiar with sftp commands in unix and upto my knowledge the command to used to download a compressed file from the server is. The easiest way to install Nmap and Zenmap on Mac OS X is to use our installer. To start nano, open a Terminal and issue:. Removing Terminal Server licenses from an RDP client. Especially, if you want a name server to resolve rightly or a change in DNS address to be detected by your individual system. It asks the user for the hostname, username and password for a remote SSH server and shows examples of a simple SSH session, and file transfers to/from a remote SSH machine. Similar programs exist for Microsoft Windows (which is not a Unix platform). your files and submit using the Mac terminal. iTerm2 brings the terminal into the modern age with features you never knew you always wanted. Total control of the native iOS File System, being a hacker is never eaiser. macOS Server 10. Last updated on: 2018-11-13; Authored by: Rackspace Support; This article provides steps for connecting to a cloud server from a computer running Linux® or MacOS® X by using Secure Shell (SSH). ZOC is a professional, modern and well-established terminal emulator and telnet client and it is known for its configurability and outstanding user interface. crt) to a folder. For the purpose of illustration, I'm using a test server with Linux, Apache, MySQL and PHP installed on it, with SSH access enabled. You may only transfer files from the CLS to your local machine. The world's favorite secure FTP client is better than ever. How to safely defrag a Mac's hard drive. 2 is a free upgrade for existing users of version 8, but please read this important information about upgrading from TextPad 7. You can now use the screen command to to establish a simple serial connection. Log in to your terminal server. Now Server info can be easily transferred among different versions and devices. Amahi has the best media, backup and web apps for small networks. 0 is now available for download, which adopts the new CUPS license, adds support for IPP presets and finishing templates, fixes a number of bugs and “polish” issues, and includes the new ippeveprinter utility. Last updated on: 2018-10-26; Authored by: Rose Contreras; If you use MacOS® X, you don’t need to install a third-party client like PuTTY to connect to your cloud server by using Secure Shell (SSH). For the purpose of illustration, I’m using a test server with Linux, Apache, MySQL and PHP installed on it, with SSH access enabled. I know how to use wget command to grab files. Best SSH Clients – Select your best PuTTY Alternative on Windows 10, 8. Please be sure to replace this text with the proper information for your site or server. sftp -P typeYourPortNumber [email protected] now you are inside of sftp terminal. To open Google Earth Pro, open your Applications folder and double-click Google Earth Pro. You can also access local file shares from Open and Save windows and sheets. -Russ Casey. You can generate an SSH key pair in Mac OS following these steps: Open up the Terminal by going to Applications -> Utilities -> Terminal; In the terminal, use the following command to start the key generation. aria2 is a command-line based download utility that is lightweight and support multi-protocol (HTTP, HTTPS, FTP, BitTorrent and Metalink). The tar file distributions can be untared in any directory. So you can make own rules about your website hosted on the Local mac running on macOS Mojave, High Sierra, EI Capitan, Yosemite or OS X Server. This page contains simplified installation instructions that should work for most users. How to use Terminal on a Mac. Download MySQL from a local mirror. You can now use the screen command to to establish a simple serial connection. File handling in Mac OS X is generally a simple and intuitive business. The download comes with a full 25 day trial. Save the ZIP file your_domain_com. The first step is to open Terminal. in Leopard and newer, reports which processes open files, whether successfully or not. The Terminal app is the default CLI that comes bundled with the Mac, and is a rather powerful tool, in case you didn’t know. Point IP address to the desired website URL So you can override DNS temporary by making changes. To transfer the file, type put filename, replacing filename with the name of the file you wish to transfer. See Install Docker Desktop for download terminal and test that your server that runs on your. I ran with the engineer form as I felt the smashing issues was identified with people in general form. It’s the. How do download files from the web via the Mac OS X bash command line option? You need to use a tool (command) called curl. Here are nine ways you can transfer files from one Mac to another. Supports public key authentication, SCP, SFTP. NoMachine lets you turn your Windows, Mac or Linux computer into your personal cloud. Connect to Linux from Mac OS X by using Terminal. Allow multiple users to access Mac server concurrently. If you are the one in search for modifying the file system images from a computer over a USB connection, let me tell you, this also requires software from the Android SDK and different USB Drivers for Windows Computers. APP GUI (see R. To save the file for later installation, click Save. Check out the Fedora Cloud page for all the details and downloads. Don't forget: please help Inkscape by reporting bugs, encouraging developers or fixing bugs yourself. CD images for Ubuntu 14. Similar programs exist for Microsoft Windows (which is not a Unix platform). Using encryption and password protection where you can is typically a good idea, and macOS provides you with a number of ways to implement it. Skip navigation Copying Files and ISO Images to an ESX Server from Windows Change MAC, and ISOs in. If you are already running RouterOS, upgrading to the latest version can be done by clicking on "Check For Updates" in QuickSet or System > Packages menu in WebFig or WinBox. Launch Terminal on your Mac from Launchpad or Applications list. Wget is a small program that can download files and folders to your computer through Terminal. In the new terminal window, treat it as you would any standard UNIX/Linux terminal. Access Manager. 13 and higher DMG ) Download X2Go Client nightly builds ( Windows (untested)) ( OS X (untested, dependencies possibly older)). I've leveraged the different answers here to come up with what I think is a nice script to create user accounts. But they can all be used on turing in essentially the same way, by typing the command and hitting return. OnlineMD5 The service is easy to use. Distribute software, provide real-time online help to end users, create detailed software and hardware reports, and automate routine management tasks—all without leaving your desk. The latest stable version of FileZilla Client is 3. x11vnc: a VNC server for real X displays (to FAQ) (to Downloads) (to Building) (to Beta Test) (to Donations). FileZilla Wiki. Download MySQL from a local mirror. A USB flash drive made from the same image file booted fine with the help of rEFInd, though. To download multiple files from FTP server, we use mget command. Google Drive expects you to authenticate before downloading your file. This is a Re-Upload from my previous channel. Depending on your Internet connection, you may download either of the following: A small installation image: can be downloaded quickly and should be recorded onto a removable disk. The File Download dialog box appears prompting you to run or save the download file To run the installer, click Run. Mac OS X and Linux operating systems. SSH to BeagleBone Black over USB This script will create a new file called 73-beaglebone. Using MacPorts. Add macOS Server to your Mac from the Mac App Store for just $19. If a log file is not specified, events will be logged to the terminal: The server will only start if the port is free. It can also be used for SSH tunneling, SCP file transfers, and other things. Choose the one meeting your requirement and click the appropriate button below. Look for the file in your Downloads folder, typically next to the Trash. 7 or later Nightly builds Previous Releases. 1 for Mac OS X. How to use Terminal on a Mac. server file manager Software - Free Download server file manager - Top 4 Download - Top4Download. [icon type="unix"]I know wget can resume a failed download. If the installer does not automatically start, navigate to the disk drive and run idlxx-mac. When you install the OneDrive sync app for Mac, a copy of your OneDrive is downloaded to your Mac and put in the OneDrive folder. gz to extract the file to the current directory. On a Mac, everything is designed to work just the way you expect it to — from operating it with simple, intuitive gestures to asking Siri to find a file to having your apps automatically update themselves. Otherwise, you'll need to use scp from the machine without the server so that it can perform a connection. Unix Terminal Online - The best online IDE and Terminals in the cloud where you can Edit, Compile, Execute and Share your source code with the help of simple clicks. 4 certified application server, is the most widely used open source application server on the market. Step 6 – Enter the username and password for the server or computer that a remote connection is being established with. Download MAMP your local Drupal settings. Configure the terminal emulation software as follows: a. gz for version 8. Free to try Editors' rating. The file manager will find any computers on your local area network that advertise. 20+ Useful Automator Scripts for Mac OS X action with other actions to publish your. Ranger is a terminal file manager with vim-like keybindings that uses the ncurses library to provide a powerful interface for your filesystem. I am running a shell (bash)from the windows machine and I log into the linux machine. htaccess file on your machine — whether Mac or Windows — is to just download a copy from a reliable source. Download the packages from the Oracle Technology Network (OTN). Download FTPDroid. There is an EtherTalk 1. Before implementing this technology, it is important to know what is a terminal server is and why you should use one. Unfortunately, the rules are written in gibberish. Terminal allows users to modify various characteristics of their Mac desktops, fonts, files and more beyond the standard OS X graphical user interface (GUI). Then follows a blank line signifying the end of the headers, and then the contents of the file are output. The default gives you kind of a nothing screen with just a terminal. This file is loaded before Terminal loads your shell environment and contains all the startup configuration and preferences for your command line interface. A USB flash drive made from the same image file booted fine with the help of rEFInd, though. Click Next. You may safely ignore it. Now, you can modify, remove, upload and download files from your Mac. The world's favorite secure FTP client is better than ever. If you are the one in search for modifying the file system images from a computer over a USB connection, let me tell you, this also requires software from the Android SDK and different USB Drivers for Windows Computers. It is not possible to copy any files from a remote Win OS to Finder in Mac OS nor to a Win VM. Note that some of these commands are different on non-Solaris machines - see SunOS differences. I would like to do the same thing with a PC. It can serve as a Bit torrent client as well. In Linux, renaming a file is essentially the same as moving a file from one destination to other. Take what's important where you go, whether it's at home or the office. Professional web developers need a web server and Apache is the most popular. You can also access local file shares from Open and Save windows and sheets. What command do I enter and how do I type the file I want to upload Example. File transfers are possible via telnet and SSH connections, which allow you to send and receive files directly to and from shell sessions on a server, for example using the Zmodem rz/sz command or SCP.